You will find several active volcanoes on Vanuatu
Vanuatu is a part of what is called the "Pacific Ring of Fire." This is an area where two of the
earth's tectonic plates bump into each other and this has created several live volcanoes over the years. These
volcanoes are a unique sightseeing sites and there are amazing stories about their eruptions, including one that
split an island in half and blew up an entire island, causing only a few small islands to remain.
Perhaps the most famous and popular volcano is the Yasur Volcano on Tanna Island. This is one of the most famous
volcanoes in the world and it is very easy to reach. The volcano is active year round, but it is not typically too
active that you can't approach it. Because of this, it has become one very popular tourist attraction.
Being part of the Pacific Ring of Fire, South
Pacific islands are known for their
volcanoes and volcanic activity, some of which are accessible via organized
The island of
Abrym is actually a volcanic island. The Abrym volcano is a shield
volcano on the island. It grew slowly into a flattened dome shape and the lava flows built up on top of the next.
The volcano is constantly erupting, but mostly just produces a lot of smoke and some ash.
Lopevi Island Volcano
The Lopevi Island volcano has erupted 22 times since 1863, with the most recent
eruption in 1982. The villagers have left the island since the eruption and moved to nearby Paama Island or
Although the volcano is not very large, it is still an impressive stratovolcano that has
risen directly out of the ocean.
The underwater Kuwae Volcano is constantly monitored, as it is considered to be a very active and potentially
dangerous volcano. However, the area around it is a popular scuba diving site. The Tongoa Wall is located off
the south western side of the Caldera. The vents of the volcano create an upwelling of warmth in the water and
have created a sort of underwater "Garden of Eden."
Some of volcanoes on Vanuatu islands are active
and bellow out ash and fire,
creating great night time scenery that can be seen from
Bali Hai Volcano
The Ambae, or Bali Hai, volcano is a pyramid shape
island. Due to its location, the island can be seen from Espiritu Santo, but will mysteriously disappear from
view as the sun rises higher in the sky and the sea haze creates a glare that blocks your view of the island. The
pyramid shocked the residents of Vanuatu when it awoke in 1991, after 400 years of inactivity. Currently, this
volcano is considered to be the most dangerous of the Vanuatu volcanoes.
Mount Gharat Volcano
Gaua Island, or Santa Maria Island, is located off the Banks and Torres group in
the northern part of Vanuatu. Guau itself is a volcanic island that rises about 9,800 feet from the sea floor.
Steaming Hill Lake is a crater lake that is located just below Mt. Gharat, which is a secondary cone and the summit
of a stratovolcano. Mount Gharat has had at least 13 eruptions since 1963. The most recent eruption occurred in
1982 and lasted less than a day. However, one of the most historic eruptions was from 1973 to 1974, which lasted
several months. The volcano does emit gases that have been determined to be poisonous and the volcano is
considered dangerous to approach.