find several active volcanoes on Vanuatu islands
Vanuatu is a part of what is called the "Pacific Ring of Fire." This is an area where two of the earth's tectonic plates bump into each
other and this has created several live volcanoes over the years. These volcanoes are a unique sightseeing sites
and there are amazing stories about their eruptions, including one that split an island in half and blew up an
entire island, causing only a few small islands to remain.
Perhaps the most famous and popular volcano is the Yasur Volcano on Tanna Island. This is one of the most famous volcanoes in the world and it is very easy
to reach. The volcano is active year round, but it is not typically too active that you can't approach it. Because
of this, it has become one very popular tourist attraction.
The island of Abrym is actually a volcanic island. The Abrym volcano is a shield
volcano on the island. It grew slowly into a flattened dome shape and the lava flows built up on top of the next.
The volcano is constantly erupting, but mostly just produces a lot of smoke and some ash.
Lopevi Island Volcano
The Lopevi Island volcano has erupted 22 times since 1863, with the most recent eruption in 1982. The villagers
have left the island since the eruption and moved to nearby Paama Island or Epi
Island. Although the volcano is not very large, it is still an impressive stratovolcano that has risen directly out of the ocean.
The underwater Kuwae Volcano is constantly monitored, as it is considered to be a very active and potentially
dangerous volcano. However, the area around it is a popular scuba diving site. The Tongoa Wall is located off the
south western side of the Caldera. The vents of the volcano create an upwelling of warmth in the water and have
created a sort of underwater "Garden of Eden."
Some of volcanoes on Vanuatu islands are active and bellow out ash and fire, creating great
night time scenery.
Bali Hai Volcano
The Ambae, or Bali Hai, volcano is a pyramid shape island. Due to its location, the island can be seen from
Espiritu Santo, but will mysteriously disappear from view as the sun rises higher
in the sky and the sea haze creates a glare that blocks your view of the island. The pyramid shocked the residents
of Vanuatu when it awoke in 1991, after 400 years of inactivity. Currently, this volcano is considered to be the
most dangerous of the Vanuatu volcanoes.
Mount Gharat Volcano
Gaua Island, or Santa Maria Island, is located off the Banks and Torres group in the northern part of Vanuatu.
Guau itself is a volcanic island that rises about 9,800 feet from the sea floor. Steaming Hill Lake is a crater
lake that is located just below Mt. Gharat, which is a secondary cone and the summit of a stratovolcano. Mount
Gharat has had at least 13 eruptions since 1963. The most recent eruption occurred in 1982 and lasted less than a
day. However, one of the most historic eruptions was from 1973 to 1974, which lasted several months. The volcano
does emit gases that have been determined to be poisonous and the volcano is considered dangerous to approach.